What is a Cash Out Refinance?

Want to turn your home's equity into cash? Learn all about cash-out refinancing and how it works. Keep reading for more information.

Financial Planning
June 10, 2023
What is a Cash Out Refinance?

Paying off property takes a long time (generally, 15 or 30 years), and your home may not be your only major expense during the term of your mortgage.1 Other investments and issues—such as automobiles, education, and medical costs—may cause homeowners to seek out larger loans.

If you’ve been diligent about paying your mortgage and have accrued decent equity in your home, you may be eligible to apply for a type of loan called cash-out refinancing.

So, what is a cash-out refinance?

It’s a loan that expands the terms of your current mortgage, and it can help homeowners access quick cash by using their property as collateral. Read on to learn more about this form of borrowing, its general guidelines, and a savvy alternative that doesn’t involve accruing more debt. 

How Does Cash-Out Refinancing Work?

When a homeowner in the midst of paying their mortgage needs cash immediately for emergencies or other expenses, they have other options besides taking out a personal loan or racking up their credit cards. If they’ve already paid off a decent chunk off their total mortgage balance, they may qualify for cash-out refinancing.

Homeowners can seek this kind of loan from the financial institution providing their mortgage, or a second lender interested in working with them. Generally, the cash-out refinancing process follows a few basic steps:2

  1. The borrower takes out a loan for a larger amount than the principal sum of their current mortgage.

  2. They use it to pay off the entirety of the lien against their property, pocketing the extra for use in whatever way they need to.
  1. The borrower is now indebted to the new lender and repays the sum of their loan pursuant to the terms of their agreement. 

While this process may seem simple on the surface, it comes with a few important caveats. For starters, lenders generally don’t approve loans for the entirety of a home’s value. So, to find out how much you could potentially be approved for, you’ll need to do a little bit of math.

How Much Can Cash-Out Refinancing Net a Homeowner?

Homeowners seeking cash-out refinancing usually have a decent amount of money still due on their mortgages. Thus, cash-out refinancing loans are issued based on the equity you have in your home, rather than its full value. 

To calculate the equity you currently own in your property:3

  1. Determine the current market value of your home.
  1. Subtract the amount you still owe toward your mortgage.
  1. The resulting sum is your home’s equity.

Generally, lenders will issue cash-out refinancing loans for up to 80% of your equity.2 For a house worth hundreds of thousands or millions of dollars, that can be a rather sizeable loan. As such, lenders want to ensure they’ll see that money again. Thus, cash-out refinances can have some tough prerequisites for approval.

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What are the Prerequisites for a Cash-Out Refinance?

When applying for cash-out refinancing, lenders will look over your financial status to determine if getting involved in your debt is a risk they’re willing to take. Each homeowner’s situation is different, however. Lenders rely on underwriting—the process of assessing risk for each separate loan—to determine whether or not to offer cash-out refinancing.4

Regardless, there are some basic benchmarks that most lenders look for when sorting through loan candidates, including:5

  • A decent credit score – While some lenders may accept scores as low as 580, generally, they prefer borrowers with credit of 640 or higher.
  • A low debt-to-income (DTI) ratio – Usually, lenders want to see a maximum of 43% of your take-home pay destined to satisfy your existing debts.
  • Sufficient equity – Whatever loan amount you apply for, you’ll need to retain at least 20% of your home’s equity after refinancing to qualify. 
  • Income and debt repayment history – Lenders will likely want to review pay stubs from your last few years of employment. They often also ask for mortgage receipts to ensure you pay your bills on time.
  • An appraisal – In order to ensure their potential future home is as valuable as you claim, lenders will ask for a recent appraisal by an unbiased third party (at the borrower’s expense). 

What Are the Risks of Cash-Out Refinancing?

Despite these relatively stringent qualifications, cash-out refinances aren’t the friendliest loans for borrowers. There are several disadvantages of refinancing a home loan. While all types of loans carry with them inherent risks, cash-out refinancing is particularly perilous because it may:

  • Lock you in a cycle of debt reloading – This practice involves taking on more debt to pay off existing dues (exactly the point of a cash-out refinancing).6 It can result in a vicious cycle of never-ending debt repayment that can be difficult to escape. 
  • Ruin your credit score – Multiple pulls and inquiries into your credit history, such as those done when shopping for loan providers, can result in a negative impact on your credit score. Likewise, failure to meet the obligations of your new loan agreement can mean an even more severe decrease in your credit.7
  • Cause you to lose your home – Cash-out refinances are secured using your property as collateral. Thus, in the worst-case scenarios, compassionless lenders can exercise their right to seize your home—leaving borrowers with nothing to show for it.

What Precautions Should Homeowners Take When Seeking Cash-Out Refinancing?

Homeowners should tread extremely lightly when considering a cash-out refinance for their property. If possible, they should pursue an agreement with an interest rate lower than their current mortgage.

With the looming potential of foreclosure, it’s imperative that borrowers make every payment after receiving a cash-out refinance. Thus, it’s best to use the funds from such loans to bankroll businesses or other investments that pay high enough dividends to cover the monthly installments.

Sale-Leaseback Agreements: Tap Into Your Home’s Equity Without Incurring More Debt

If you’re trying to tap into your home’s equity to secure financial assistance, there’s an alternative to cash-out refinancing (and other forms of loans) that doesn’t involve piling your debt up any higher. Sale-leaseback agreements allow homeowners to access their home equity without having to sign lengthy repayment contracts.

Sale-leaseback agreements are simple processes that only have a few steps. During such contracts, a homeowner and interested buyer will:

  1. Come to an agreement for the price of a home.

  2. Sign a lease that allows the previous owner to stay in the home afterward.
  1. Keep this arrangement going as long as both parties are content with the terms of their agreement. 

There’s not much more to sale-leaseback agreements. They allow homeowners to access quick cash when they need it, much like cash-out refinancing. They present some unique benefits versus these and other property-secured loans, however.

What Advantages Do Sale-Leaseback Agreements Offer Over Cash-Out Refinancing?

For homeowners needing a lump sum to pay bills, invest, or for whatever reason they see fit, sale-leaseback agreements can be a flexible financial tool to help you live life more comfortably. Compared to cash-out refinancing, they present some distinct advantages, including:

  • They don’t risk you losing your home – Cash-out refinancing is essentially restarting your mortgage on a property—but often with larger payments. If you fail to meet these new obligations, the lender can choose to seize your property and, between existing debts, foreclosure fees, and sales costs, leave you high and dry.8 Alternatively, sale-leaseback agreements allow homeowners to receive a competitive price for their home upfront in a transparent process that prioritizes their living situation.
  • They provide more personal and financial freedom – Cash-out refinancing generally extends the terms of existing mortgages, locking homeowners into paying for a single location for up to 30 years.1 Conversely, renters are free to move after the expiration of their lease following a sale-leaseback agreement—or they can renew their lease if they can’t see themselves living anywhere else. 
  • They don’t have stringent qualifications – While lenders for cash-out refinances will look into credit scores, employment history, and other key financial factors, sale-leaseback agreements generally require fewer qualifications. Often, sale-leaseback providers will ask for nothing more than an appraisal when working with potential clients. 

If you’re looking for a way to tap into your home equity, getting wrapped up in more debt through a cash-out refinancing doesn’t need to be your only option. A sale-leaseback agreement can net homeowners even more cash than such loans and they don’t trap you into lengthy repayment plans.

Exercise Caution With Cash-Out Refinancing

While a cash-out refinance loan can net homeowners significant sums when they need them the most, they can also be riskier in nature. Like other property-secured loans, they can result in homeowners losing their houses without fair compensation from lenders. 

Truehold’s Sale-Leaseback can earn homeowners similar amounts of money without the need to repay it. It can unlock the equity you have in your home quickly and debt-free. 

Learn more about tapping into your equity by speaking with a Truehold advisor today.

Sources: 

1. Investopedia. What Is a Mortgage? Types, How They Work, and Examples. https://www.investopedia.com/

2. Investopedia. Cash-Out Refinancing Explained: How It Works and When to Do It. https://www.investopedia.com/

3. Investopedia. Home Equity: What It Is, How It Works, and How You Can Use It. https://www.investopedia.com/

4. Investopedia. Real Estate Underwriting: Definition, How It Works, and History. https://www.investopedia.com/

5. Fortune. What is cash-out refinance? The ins and outs of how it works. https://fortune.com/

6. Investopedia. Reloading Definition. https://www.investopedia.com/

7. Investopedia. Does Mortgage Refinancing Affect Your FICO Score?. https://www.investopedia.com/

8. Investopedia. The 6 Phases of Foreclosure. https://www.investopedia.com/

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